Dianthus: Plant Care and Collection of Varieties. After the growing season comes to a close, gardeners should cut back the flower stems to the ground. Root rot causes the plant to shed its flowers, and the foliage might start to turn yellow. The nursery is still going strong today. Prune again in spring to maintain a tidy growth habit. True carnations are often grown under glass as cut flowers. Dianthus features linear, narrow foliage, with a green-blue hue that appears opposite each other on the plant’s slender stems. Where winters are mild, dianthus can be grown as a winter annual. These come in one glorious June flush. Firewitch: Although this hot pink variety has been in cultivation since 1957, its popularity exploded when it was named the 2006 Perennial Plant of the Year. Dianthus won't tolerate wet soils, especially in winter. It's also interesting that the ‘pink’ originally referred to the crimped edges of the pink’s petals. 'Gran's Favourite' AGM Pinks, or Dianthus plumarius, are more subtle in form than their close relation, the carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus), with finely divided foliage and smaller, highly-fragrant flowers in shades of pink and white. Within six to eight weeks you will be able pot up new plants. Plant the Dianthus in a pot with a loamy soil mixture by sowing the seeds over the top of the soil, and then covering them with a thin layer. Banks and Slopes, City, Cottage/Informal, Beds and borders, Flower Arranging. The alpine pink Dianthus is ideal for planting in rock gardens. Therefore, there are plenty of breeding programs that increase the hardiness and disease-resistance of the plant. Dianthus will continue to bloom until past mid-summer if the spent flowers are regularly cut off. Dianthus flowers come in a wide range of sizes, growth habits and flower colours. Water well, but avoid getting the foliage to reduce the risk of your plant getting mildew. The carnation, favoured by florists, is a relative of the pink but does not offer the clove-like scent of a pink. She has an affinity with nature and loves to share her knowledge gained over a lifetime with readers online. When the spring rolls around, add another 1-inch top-dressing around the base of the plant to drive additional nutrients into the soil to assist the plant with the flowering period. Val Bourne is an award-winning garden writer, photographer and lecturer. Another popular Dianthus is Sweet William, or Dianthus barbatus, a biennial or short-lived perennial that can grow up to 60cm tall. Sweet Williams (Dianthus barbatus), grown as biennials for early summer flowers, are also part of the Dianthus … Dianthus are hardy in most areas of the UK and northern Europe. Dianthus requires well-drained soil, as it doesn’t enjoy getting its “feet wet.” Overly saturated soil may lead to the development of disease and root rot in the plant. Prepare the garden bed by using a garden fork or tiller to loosen soil to a depth of 12 to 15 inches, then mix in a 2- to 4-inch layer of compost. The hardiness of the plants varies between the species in the genus. Give your garden a makeover and save money at the same time with a special Thompson and Morgan offer of 10% off. Keep young plants watered well … Dianthus can be propagated from seeds … Compact and clove-scented. Remove the mulch after the last of the frosts pass, and allow the plant to start the growing season. Intro: Dianthus flowers are perfect for plant containers and will bring a splash of color to any urban balcony garden. Many are herbaceous p… You can also apply a slow-releasing granular fertilizer around the base of the plant in the late spring. Dianthus are long-running favourites of … Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The flowers produce hues of red and white tones, which can range from deep marron to light pink. These come in one glorious June flush. I didn't think these would die … Like to advertise with us? Most dianthus flowers are easy to grow and can thrive in a range of conditions. A few varieties are indigenous in the Northern regions of the African continent, with one species being native to the Arctic regions around the tip of North America. Trimming back mature plants after flowering will keep them more compact and extend their life. The Dianthus name comes from the combination of Dios (god) and anthos (flower), from the Greek language, which translates into the “flower of the gods.” Howe the plants got this name remains unclear, but there are a few tall tales that gardeners can consider. The tall sweet Williams and carnations are best for further back in flowerbeds, where they stand tall over other flowers and shrubs, providing an additional layer of color to the garden. If aphids become a problem, spray the plants with neem oil. One old variety is even called 'Sops in Wine'. Hollie is a life-long gardener, having started helping her Dad work on their yard when she was just 5. Dark buds, prominent anthers, good perfume and compact foliage. Carnations, dianthus don’t need much or intense care, but there are still some details that need to be kept in mind in order to ensure the best growth possible. Fertilize Dianthus every 6 to 8 weeks with an all purpose liquid fertilizer, applied following … Plant pinks in the ground or container with about 15 inches between each plant. As one of the earliest cultivations, the Dianthus species has an extensive history of use as an ornamental flower, stretching back for centuries. These fragrant flowers were known as Gilly Flowers and this is a corruption of the French word for the clove tree - le giroflier (Syzygium aromaticum). Dianthus is a colorful perennial bloomer that includes about 300 varieties, including the familiar sweet William, carnation and pinks. Gardeners can propagate Dianthus from seeds indoors or sow then directly into flowerbeds. Family Caryophyllaceae . One of the stories states that Diana, the goddess of the hunt, accused a shepherd of scaring away her prey while on a hunt. Leave a few faded flowers on the plant to produce seed, if desired. Spacing To plant your Dianthus from seed, start the germination process indoors at least 2 to 3-weeks before the last frosts falling in your area. In many cases, the flowers have two-tone color schemes that look fantastic as the plant starts to burst into bloom. HH - Half hardy - can withstand down to around 0°C (32°F). They bloom best when given plenty of sun, but they don't like the high heat of mid-summer. Check your local listings for the frost dates. Forms (which are seed-raised) vary. Before you plant your Dianthus, work some rich compost into the soil in the flowerbed. When to Cut Back Perennials. These 'heeled' pieces should be leafy. Within the genus are annuals, biennials and perennials (some of which are short-lived) with common names including ‘Pink’; ‘Carnation’ and ‘Sweet William’. Growing Dianthus from cuttings is also an option. Neem oil acts as an organic pesticide, keeping the bugs off of your plants. The Royal Horticultural Society is the UK’s leading gardening charity. GardenBeast is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon.com, Camellia Japonica Guide: How to Grow & Care for “Japanese Camellia”, Ice Plant Guide: How to Grow & Care for “Delosperma Cooperi”, Azalea Guide: How to Grow & Care for This Flowering Shrub, Sedum Spurium Guide: How to Grow & Care for “Red Carpet” Succulents, Best Automatic Chicken Coop Door Reviews: Complete Buyer’s Guide, Best Indoor Plant Stand Reviews: Complete Buyer’s Guide, Sambucus Nigra Guide: How to Grow & Care for “Black Lace”. One of them was a pinks too and that also died. Some links may be affiliate links. Instructions on how to care for dianthus are very straightforward. Trim back plants in autumn to promote new growth, and protect from excessive wet conditions in winter. Also known as Sweet William or Pinks, dianthus blooms in a variety of colours, including white, pink, red, rose, lavender and yellow. Join the RHS today and get 12 months for the price of 9 Sizes range from petite plants under 6 inches in height to scene-stealing 3-footers. Hollie has written for a number of publications and is now the resident garden blogger here at GardenBeast. Dianthus varieties clockwise from top right: plants|garden advice & tips|autumn garden|garden ideas|fruit & veg|garden wildlife. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. Horticultural Group Pinks are hardy, evergreen perennials which make compact mounds or mats of usually greyish leaves, with up to six, usually fragrant, single or double, medium … Dianthus flowers come in many colors, either it be a solid white, red, purple, pink and sometimes yellow, or with two colors or marks in the petals. The pink, red, and sweet Williams do well as border plants for the garden, or by the side of pathways in the garden. In all other areas, cut back on watering to help plants harden off in preparation for winter. 'Doris', a salmon-pink bred in 1945, is the perhaps most famous of all. Kooc Media Ltd You can rescue leggy plants from cuttings or 'pipes'. Gardeners must ensure that they water their new Dianthus plants at least once a week, and let the soil dry out between waterings. Height 12". It only became known as a colour in its own right when pinks became really popular in the 17th century. For additional winter protection for your Dianthus, place a 4-inch layer of mulch around the base of the plant, and make sure you do this before the first frosts hit the ground. Grass-like green foliage and willowy dark stems topped by a cluster of bright-pink flowers. Pinks, or Dianthus plumarius, are more subtle in form than their close relation, the carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus), with finely divided foliage and smaller, highly-fragrant flowers in shades of pink and white.. Dianthus Dianthus is a large genus that encompasses some 300 different species of flowering plant. Company No.05695741 Registered Company No.05695741 Online Resource for Backyards & Gardens. Most varieties of Dianthus are resistant to pests and disease. H - Hardy - are happy down to at least -5°C (23°F). On perennials that have finished for the season, cut back stems to … Fortunately, Dianthus is one of the more popular flowers with gardeners. Twin Pack of 2,000 Dianthus Seeds, From Amazon. Use straw or pine boughs, as these offer protection from winter cold and help maintain the soil temperature, which prevents frost heave to the roots. I've got hardy carnations currently in a pot (I hope to plant them in the garden next year) I've been told to cut them back but I don't know exactly what that means???? Other common names pink 'Doris' . 'India Star' AGM Those gardeners sowing in flowerbeds outdoors must plant the Dianthus seed at a depth of 1/8-inch after the final frosts finish for the season. Thyme and Portulaca. These became known as Dianthus x allwoodii and were often given Christian names. Val Bourne Dianthus carthusianorum Advertiser Disclosure: Sweet Williams (Dianthus barbatus), grown as biennials for early summer flowers, are also part of the Dianthus family. After the seedlings produce two to three leaves, you can move them into pots. But he insisted on naming it for his wife and this pink eventually became so acclaimed that it's still included in the Slough Coat of Arms. A good practice for managing them is the regular release of Cucumeris predatory mites. Dianthus are hardy in most areas of the UK and northern Europe. If you’re starting your plants from cuttings, remove the non-flowering stems from the original plant, from below a leaf joint. Encourage fast growth by mixing a balanced organic fertilizer into the soil before planting. A member of the carnation family, dianthus looks and often smells like a miniature carnation plant. Said to have been introduced by the Carthusian monks in medieval times. Petunia pink petals, darkly laced in chestnut-maroon. Most Dianthus are herbaceous perennial plants, but there are a few biennials and hardy annuals, with a few varieties classified as a dwarf shrub. Most have an RHS hardiness rating of H6 (hardy to temperatures of -20 to -15ºC), and are suitable for gardens in Frost and sub-zero temperatures zigzag or frilled edge or subshrubs with narrow, often leaves! 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