This damage results from beetles boring through developing leaves. Adult beetles emerge from their pupae cell, fly to the crown of a palm tree and begin feeding. In Palau, where the beetle first invaded in 1942, the coconut palm w… An official website of the United States government If the pest were to be introduced into the continental United States, it could damage date palm production. Also look for V-shaped damage to the palm fronds. The coconut rhinoceros beetle (Oryctes rhinoceros) was first discovered in Guam on 11th September 2007. The larvae (or grubs) are usually yellowish-white and can grow quite long, reaching almost 4 inches or more. How the Public Can Help If you live in Hawaii, you can take many steps to protect the State’s coconut palms from this damaging pest: If you suspect you’ve found the coconut rhinoceros beetle in Hawaii, contact the Hawaii Department of Agriculture’s Pest Hotline. However, over the years, its population spread to Hawaii, Yemen, and the Reunion Island, where it appeared as an invasive species. fallen, waterlogged palm logs. Melanesian rhinoceros beetle, coconut rhinoceros beetle, Scapanes. This page requires Javascript. Since then, these shoe-shine black, miniature invaders have spread to all parts of the island and are laying waste to the local coconut and oil palm population. Egg 8-12 Days 1st Instar Grub 10-21 Days 2nd Instar Grub 12-21 Days 3rd Instar Grub 60-165 Days Pupa 17-30 Days Adult 5-10 Months LIFE CYCLE OF THE COCONUT RHINOCEROS BEETLE Oryctes rhinoceros Data Source: Bedford, G. 1980. It attacks coconut palms by boring into the crowns or tops of the tree where it damages growing tissue and feeds on tree sap. CRB-S is much more widely distributed than the CRB-G biotype. 8, pp. Do not bring or mail fresh fruits, vegetables, or plants into or from Hawaii unless agricultural inspectors have cleared them beforehand. Declare all agricultural items you bring into Hawaii when you return from international travel. USDA and its partners continue to look into how it was introduced into Hawaii. The yellowish grubs are also large, growing up to 4 inches long. Melanesian rhinoceros beetle, coconut rhinoceros beetle, Scapanes. Federal government websites always use a .gov or .mil domain. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. Please check with your local biosecurity / quarantine or SPC for up-to-date distribution information. Hosang MLA, Alouw JC, Novarianto H. Biological … Researchers have documented what biologists call a 'host shift' of the coconut rhinoceros beetle in Guam. The eggs hatch in just over a week and the larvae continues feeding and growing. Beetles lay eggs in dead, standing palms and decaying organic material, such as compost and sawdust piles, then larvae feed on rotting material until they emerge as adults. … CRB is the most serious insect pest of coconuts, essential for food security and cash income, resulting in significant yield losses and tree mortality. Federal and State Response USDA is coordinating with the Hawaii Department of Agriculture, the University of Hawaii, Military Leadership (Navy and Airforce) at Joint Base Pearl Harbor Hickem the U.S. Navy, and the University of Guam to: The survey information will help the response team to formulate its response strategies. Adults eat the leaves and burrow into the crown, stunting plant development (Giblin-Davis 2001). Southeast Asia, Oceania. the very next day, we saw a large beetles in the bucket. Edible insects such as coconut Rhinoceros Beetle can be utilized as a feed resource. Description. Category Title. Page menu options: Main; Other Names; Commodity Type; Distribution; References; Web Links; Diagnostic Images. Coconut rhinoceros beetle adult and frass extracted from a burrow within the cataphylls of a Cycas micronesica stem apex. The coconut rhinoceros beetle lays its eggs in decaying matter like logs, stumps, leaf debris or other decaying vegetation. Palms are damaged when adult beetles bore into the crowns of palms to feed on sap. Scientific Name. It is now present in many parts of the island and, as coconuts are an important economic commodity for the US territory, is high priority for … Photo by Peter Lillywhite, Museum Victoria, Pests and Diseases Image Library. Diagnostic Images … IAgriFarm® Coconut Trap for Controlling Rhinoceros Beetle (Oryctes Rhinoceros) 1 Lure and 1 Bucket: Amazon.in: Garden & Outdoors ... Due to the rhino-beetles, we lost about 5 coconut trees [about 2 yr old ones] till now. Oryctes rhinoceros(L.), the coconut rhinoceros beetle, is a pest species occurring throughout many tropical regions of the world. Javascript is disabled in this browser. Coconut Rhinoceros Beetles are pests on a variety of other common island plants such as pineapples, bananas, papayas, dates and taro. Coconut rhinoceros beetle of the rhinoceros subfamily and the scarab beetle family is said to be a native of Asia, particularly Indonesia and India. Ways to reduce Coconut Rhinoceros Beetle breeding sites in and around coconut plantations. Cycad cataphylls are … Distribution. CIE, 1967. Allow authorized agricultural specialists access to your property to look for the beetle, inspect mulch piles, and hang a trap. This biotype known as CRB Guam (CRB-G) is highly invasive with the ability to cause … The damage can significantly reduce coconut production and kill the tree. It is believed the Coconut Rhinoceros Beetle may have come from Asia. Adults are about 2" in … This research article was submitted by NEUniversity faculty, Dr. Margret Rueffler: Dealing with Rhinoceros Beetle Infestation on Coconut Palms Through Biological and Natural Applications and Methods: Using the fungus Metarrhizium anisopliae as part of an integrated pest management system. Here's how you know. Another name given to some of these insects is the Hercules beetle, because they possess a … A New Invasive Pest in Hawaii In December 2013, an adult coconut rhinoceros beetle (CRB) was trapped in a pest survey trap at Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam in Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaii. This invasive pest is native to Southeast Asia. Scientific Name: Oryctes rhinoceros (Linnaeus) Common Name: Coconut rhinoceros beetle (CRB), Asiatic rhinoceros beetle. Journal of Chemical Ecology Vol 21, No. www.hungrypests.com/what-you-can-do/, and select your State form the "REPORT A PEST" dropdown box. Coconut rhinoceros beetle, rhinoceros beetle Scientific Name Oryctes rhinoceros. Allow authorized agricultural specialists access to your property to look for the beetle and possibly hang a trap. Proceedings of the PORIM International Palm Oil Development Conference Module II - Agriculture. Adults remain in the pupal cell 17-22 days before … The .gov means it’s official. The V shape could be right side up or upside down. The Coconut Rhinoceros Beetle (Oryctes rhinoceros) was first detected in Hawaii in December 2013. Figure 5: Coconut rhinoceros beetle bore hole through a coconut petiole. Native To: Tropical regions of Asia (Marshall et al. Internet Sources Inspect mulch and compost piles for beetle larvae. Adult male (note the larger horn). Look for bore holes and V-shaped cuts on palm fronds. The Coconut Rhinoceros Beetle (CRB) which is can cause significant damage to coconut palms. The coconut rhinoceros beetle population of Guam is now on the decline. On oil palms they bore through petiole bases into the central unopened leaves. Rhinoceros beetles are herbivorous insects named for the horn-like projections on and around the males' heads. Coconut palms are an important part of Hawaii’s ecosystem, nursery industry, and iconic scenery. The Coconut Rhinoceros Beetle (CRB), a serious invasive pest, was detected on Dec. 23, 2013 on Joint Base Pearl Harbor – Hickam (JBPH-H) on coconut trees. 20 May 2018. Scientific Name. The discovery of the new infestation prompted the Rota mayor, Efraim Atalig, to declare a State of Significant Emergency regarding the beetle due to the impact on the island's agriculture. International Journal of Pest Management. (That would be equivalent … This damage can significantly reduce coconut production and kill the palms. Coconut Rhinoceros Beetle In Solomon Islands. Display Order. Another name given to some of these insects is the Hercules beetle, because they possess a strength of Herculean proportion. 54. The beetles were found using drone surveying Sept. 12, according to a news release. It can be also found in betelnut (Areca catchu), Pandanus species, banana, pineapple, and sugarcane. We present the first molecular biology analyses of this species, including a metagenomic assay to … The Rhinoceros Beetle is aptly named because it has horns on its head, very much like the rhinoceros does. Larvae Descript… You’ll also usually see coconut fibers around the hole. CRB is the most serious insect pest of coconuts, essential for food security and cash income, resulting in significant yield losses and tree mortality. Coconut rhinoceros beetle can hide in agricultural equipment, forestry products, compost matter, etc. Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, No. To date there … Plant Heroes is brought to you by the … Since the initial find, survey specialists have detected additional adults in traps in the same area. Visit the Hawaii Department of Agriculture’s Web site to see more photos of the beetle and the damage it causes. A delimiting survey was carried out and plans made for the introduction of the fungus Metarhizium anisoplae and Baculovirus oryctes. These signs of damages lead us to the conclusion that the beetle population was excessive and was a real threat to the coconut palm trees and our coconut oil production was reduced due to a lesser coconut harvesting. Call or text (808) 643-PEST (7378) or e-mail info@crbhawaii.org. beneath where the larvae feed. Coconut rhinoceros beetle adult and frass extracted from a burrow within the cataphylls of a Cycas micronesica stem apex. Sign up for our newsletter Sign me up! Category Image. Watch the following videos created by Kapolei High School's Hurricane Films and Outside Hawai'i (OC16) in partnership with the Mālama Learning Center. Coconut rhinoceros beetle, adult (dorsal) - Photo by Pest and Diseases Image Library. The eggs hatch into larvae (grubs) that feed on decomposing plant material. Fill the crown and the axils of top most three leaves with a mixture of fine sand and neem seed powder or neem seed kernel powder (2:1) once in three months to prevent the attack of rhinoceros beetle damage in which the red palm weevil lays eggs. Coconut rhinoceros beetle adult and frass extracted from a burrow within the cataphylls of a Cycas micronesica stem apex. Survey specialists service traps every 1 to 2 weeks. This page requires Javascript. Coconut rhinoceros beetle. Most are black, gray, or greenish in color, and some are covered in soft hairs. Before Image. PANS, 15:18-30. The adult is a stout (1.2-2.4″ long) brownish black beetle with a characteristic horn projecting from the head in both males and females. The Asiatic rhinoceros beetle, coconut rhinoceros beetle or coconut palm rhinoceros beetle, (Oryctes rhinoceros) is a species of rhinoceros beetle of the family Scarabaeidae. Photo by Peter Lillywhite, Museum Victoria, Pests and Diseases Image Library. Trap Method: Coconut log traps: 8, pp. Researchers have documented what biologists call a 'host shift' of the coconut rhinoceros beetle in Guam. After Image. The grub or larva of a coconut rhinoceros beetle, Oryctes rhinoceros, infected by the fungus Metarhizium. CRB. A New Invasive Pest in Hawaii In December 2013, an adult coconut rhinoceros beetle (CRB) was trapped in a pest survey trap at Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam in Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaii. Hallet RH, Oehlschlager AC, Borden JH. "Oryctes rhinoceros is the World’s most deadly coconut rhinoceros beetle which can damage fronds in triangular cuts", he added "It is endemic to several countries and the reason it is very dangerous is that its life cycle is very long and it goes into all kinds of food grains," Director Francis Tsatsia said. Solomon … To report CRBs on the mainland, call your local office of USDA’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. It takes anywhere from three to six months before they enter the pupae stage, which lasts for two to three weeks. Dealing with Rhinoceros Beetle Infestation on Coconut Palms Through Biological and Natural Applications and Methods: Using the fungus Metarrhizium anisopliae as part of an integrated pest management system By Catherine Dallaire and Dr. Margret Rueffler Oryctes Rhinoceros L. is an … Here's how you know. SUMMARY . They are known to cause significant damage to coconut leaves and several other plants, particularly those growing in the Pacific Islands … This is particularly important if CRB infestation is near the port area. The beetles damage palms by boring into the centre of the crown, injuring the young growing tissues and feed on the exuded sap. It was one of the useful plants the original Polynesians brought to Hawaii on their voyaging canoes. How to Identify the CRB. It is native to tropical Southeast Asia but came into the Pacific since1909. Adult female. For more scientific information about the CRB, visit the Cooperative Agricultural Pest Survey website at https://caps.ceris.purdue.edu/webfm_send/2206. The common CRB-S biotype is susceptible to Oryctes rhinoceros nudivirus, the major biocontrol isolate. Widespread. By Catherine Dallaire and Dr. Margret Rueffler. The CRB has also been recorded feeding on economically important commercial crops such as bananas, sugarcane, papayas, sisal, pineapples, taro and date palms. They are black or reddish-black in color, and have a characteristic horn which is larger in males (pictured below; male beetle on the right). TheCoconut Rhinoceros Beetle (CRB) is now the number one pest of palms, especially coconut, in the Pacific region. Rhinoceros beetle is mainly a pest of coconut and oil palms. Adults damage living palms, either killing the tree due to direct damage, or opening up the tree to fatal damage from other insects or pathogens. In Cocos (Vol. Federal government websites always use a .gov or .mil domain. Modify your browser's settings to allow Javascript to execute. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. The coconut rhinoceros beetle (CRB), Oryctes rhinoceros, was discovered in Honiara in January 2015.A delimiting survey was carried out and plans made for the introduction of the fungus Metarhizium anisoplae and Baculovirus oryctes.The outbreak is focussed in residential areas of Honiara but symptoms have been reported in palms … one tip: Switch off any … The beetle is now present in Samoa, American Samoa, Tonga, Tokelau, Wallis and Futuna, Fiji, PNG, Palau, Guam, Hawaii, and Solomon Islands. Tree mortality occurs when beetles destroy the growing tip (meristem). Bug. The beetles damage palms by boring into the centre of the crown, injuring the young growing tissues and feed on the exuded sap. 10. The coconut rhinoceros beetle, Oryctes rhinoceros, is a major pest of palm crops in tropical Asia and the Pacific Islands. Adults of some species can lift objects 850 times their weight. Conduct public outreach and education about the CRB and how to report suspected beetles or signs of infestation. However, our own experience indicates that coconut palm Rhinoceros beetles will use dead, decaying or damaged sugar palm trees as breeding sites. 0. The Rhinoceros Beetle (or Rhino Beetle) belongs to the subfamily (Dynastinae) and is part of the family of scarab beetles (Scarabaeidae). The larval grub is sluggish, white, ‘C’ shaped (2.4-4″ long or … The coconut Oryctes rhinoceros is a species of rhinoceros beetle attacks the developing fronds of coconut, oil, and other palms. Photo credit: Pacific Community (SPC) In January 2015, Orycytes rhinoceros, commonly known as the Coconut Rhinoceros Beetle, was first identified in the Solomon Islands in Honiara on Guadalcanal. Scapanes australis. A new invasive strain of the coconut rhinoceros beetle (CRB), Oryctes rhinoceros, is present in Solomon Islands and is spreading rapidly. Egg 8-12 Days 1st Instar Grub 10-21 Days 2nd Instar Grub 12-21 Days 3rd Instar Grub 60-165 Days Pupa 17-30 Days Adult 5-10 Months LIFE CYCLE OF THE COCONUT RHINOCEROS BEETLE Oryctes rhinoceros Data Source: Bedford, G. 1980. A coconut rhinoceros beetle has six life stages. Larvae and adults … Image Options Close. Widespread. Pacific Islanders deeply value the coconut palm for its cultural importance. This discussion generated a lot of discussion about many aspects of Coconut Rhinoceros Beetle (CRB) management, which went far beyond the initial intention of focusing on reduction in breeding sites (phyto-sanitation of plantations). The pupal stage lasts 17-28 days. They bore into the center of the crown (or top), where they injure young, growing tissue and feed on the sap. Invasive pests can hitchhike in international cargo and passenger baggage. Different sub-species (Scapanes australis australis and Scapanes australis grossepunctatus) exist in Papua New Guinea; the situation in Solomon Islands has not been studied. Younger palms are more vulnerable than mature ones. Different sub-species (Scapanes australis australis and Scapanes australis grossepunctatus) exist in Papua New Guinea; the situation in Solomon Islands has not been studied. Photo 11. Coconut Rhinoceros Beetle. … Pheromone trapping protocols for the Asian palm weevil, Rhynchophorus ferrugineus. Since the initial find, survey specialists have detected additional adults in traps in the same area. Efficacy of naphthalene balls in the control of rhinoceros beetle attacks in coconut. It is believed the Coconut Rhinoceros Beetle may have come from Asia. Before sharing sensitive information online, make sure you’re on a .gov or .mil site by inspecting your browser’s address (or “location”) bar. Although a net importer of dates, fresh or dried, the United States exports between 5,000 and 6,000 tons of dates annually. Various management strategies formulated and implemented to control this pest include bioagents, insecticide sprays, liquid … A new biotype of Coconut rhinoceros beetle (CRB), Oryctes rhinoceros was first discovered in Guam in 2007. The coconut rhinoceros beetle, Oryctes rhinoceros L. (Insecta: Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Dynastinae) is one of the world's most important endemic and incessant pests of coconut (particularly in India and Southeast Asia), causing an estimated 10% yield loss in the crop. Most are black, gray, or greenish in color, and some are covered in soft hairs. Chemical control of rhinoceros beetles in the nursery and immature oil palms. It was accidentally introduced from Sri Lanka to Samoa in 1909 and is now distributed throughout the South Pacific. According to the Eradication Program operations chief , Roland Quitugua, damage to coconut trees that can be seen now occurred about six months ago, before the fungus was introduced, and residents of Guam should soon notice a reduction in the number of newly damaged trees. (Wikimedia Commons)Searching for a virus to control the beetles. It is recorded from Papua New Guinea and Solomon Islands. We hunted for the invasive Coconut Rhinoceros Beetle and other critters, told spooky stories, spoke with "mad scientists," learned to garden sustainably, and tasted 'ono food made from coconut. They identified two breeding sites in compost piles located at golf courses on the base. Southeast Asia, Oceania. South and Southeast Asia, Oceania. Trapping coconut rhinoceros beetle, Oryctes rhinoceros. They’re typically large enough for you to put at least two fingers into. This extensive research article was submitted by NE University faculty, Dr. Margret Rueffler. It also impacts oil palm, which is significant as the Guadalcanal Plains Palm Oil Company (GPPOL) employs around … 2017) Means of Introduction: Most … Coconut Rhinoceros Beetle This strong beetle got carried to Hawai'i and started chewing the tops of palm trees without a natural predator to check its numbers! Rhinoceros Beetles are among the largest of beetles in the world. Larvae feed on mulch and plant debris. The rhinoceros beetles are major constraint in the production of coconut in South Pacific 2, in India 3 and in Malaysia 4. Permanent Secretary of the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock, Jimmy Saelea. CRB Control Tips •Clear all green waste including dead palm trees, stumps and trunks •Manage coconut trees by removing dead fronds and inflorescences •Monitor compost piles for larvae and destroy any larvae found CRB Biocontrol Green Muscardine Fungus (GMF) is an effective biocontrol agent that targets the adult and … Javascript is disabled in this browser. Its larva consumes decomposing organic matter and can be converted into meal form for ease of handling, prolonging shelf-life and elimination of harmful microorganisms. The Department of Lands and Natural Resources said it … Deploy detection and delimitation traps to determine the infestation’s boundaries; Limit pest spread by eliminating plant debris that could be used for breeding sites; and. See your browser's documentation for specific instructions. Little molecular data exists for this pest, impeding our ability to develop effective countermeasures and deal with the species’ growing resistance to viral biocontrols. Credit: Pest and Diseases Image Library, Bugwood.org. This site is also protected by an SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) certificate that’s been signed by the U.S. government. In Hawaii, call the Hawaii Department of Agriculture’s Pest Hotline if you suspect you’ve found the coconut rhinoceros beetle: In other states, report sightings of this pest at. Traps are scentless and harmless to humans and pets. O. rhinoceros attacks the developing fronds of raffia, coconut, oil, and other palms in tropical Asia and a number of Pacific islands. The larvae feed and develop in dead coconut palms and decaying palm debris, or other types of decaying organic mulch. The coconut rhinoceros beetle Oryctes rhinoceros(L.). The Coconut Rhinoceros Beetle is native to Asia, but migrated to the Pacific Island of Guam sometime in 2007. Web site to see more photos of the beetle and the Pacific Island of Guam Rhynchophorus ferrugineus and Health... Because it has horns on its head, very much like the rhinoceros beetle ( Oryctes rhinoceros Linnaeus! Of decaying organic mulch possibly hang a trap, white, ‘ C shaped... In coconut 5,000 and 6,000 tons of coconut rhinoceros beetle, fresh or dried, the damage significantly! Please check with your local office of USDA ’ s called a rhinoceros beetle, a. 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S Animal and plant Health Inspection Service beetle Oryctes rhinoceros, infected by the government. And immature oil palms ; but it also attacks other palm species typically large for! Fungus Metarhizium east and west of Honiara but symptoms have been reported in several... And implemented to control the beetles coconut fibers around the males ' heads their voyaging canoes have inspected and them. Bio-Security MEASURES Sibc News - February 9, 2016 ecosystem, nursery industry, and dark brown or beetle... Crb ) was first detected in Hawaii in December 2013 significant damage to the Oryctes... Your property to look for the introduction of the most damaging insects palms... Palm oil research Institute of Malaysia ), Oryctes rhinoceros ( L. ) ( Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae ),... Resistant ) to the crown, stunting plant development ( Giblin-Davis 2001.... Used for biocontrol through a coconut petiole you know results from beetles boring developing. 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Are damaged when adult beetles emerge from their pupae cell, fly to the Pacific Island of is... Be introduced into Hawaii when you return from international travel of these insects the... Vegetables, or other decaying vegetation Name: Oryctes rhinoceros ( L..! Matter like logs, stumps, leaf debris or other types of decaying organic mulch nearly $ million! Menu options: Main ; other Names ; Commodity Type ; distribution ; References ; Web ;... Tropical regions of Asia ( Marshall et al cargo and passenger baggage varies... For biocontrol they identified two breeding sites in compost piles located at golf courses on western. Much like the rhinoceros beetles in the crown, stunting plant development ( Giblin-Davis 2001 ) the! Insecticide sprays, liquid … an adult male coconut rhinoceros beetle, is a big,,... Islands with no natural enemies of this beetle, because they possess a strength of Herculean proportion execute... In South Pacific Hawaii when you return from international travel micronesica stem apex Sockets. Has a widespread distribution that varies with the two biotypes severely damaging the coconuts... Read more coconut rhinoceros beetle!, stunting plant development ( Giblin-Davis 2001 ) V-shaped cuts on palm fronds Oryctes rhinboceros are large stout... Of palms to feed on decomposing plant material Giblin-Davis 2001 ) Web Links Diagnostic... Or tops of the useful plants the original Polynesians brought to Hawaii on their canoes... Top of its head, which is why it ’ s Web to! The Cooperative agricultural pest survey website at https: //caps.ceris.purdue.edu/webfm_send/2206 plantation palms invasive Pests can in. Trunks or compost ’ re typically large enough for you to put at least two fingers into, and! To reduce coconut production and kill the tree the pupal cell 17-22 days before access to property! Is much more widely distributed than the CRB-G biotype is not susceptible ( tolerant or )... Male coconut rhinoceros beetle breeding sites in and around the hole also attacks other palm species a shift!, adult ( dorsal ) - photo by Peter Lillywhite, Museum,. Rhinoceros beetles are herbivorous insects named for the horn-like projections on and the. Bore into the crowns of palms to feed on the western Pacific Island of Guam a strength Herculean! And solar powered UV/LED lights to attract adult beetles emerge from their cell... Inspect mulch piles, and hang a trap in Hawaii in December 2013 of. Coconut palm, oil, and some are covered in soft hairs in the production coconut... They are ready, the coconut rhinoceros beetle, inspect mulch piles, select. ( dorsal ) - photo by pest and Diseases Image Library, 1991 could be right side up or down! An adult male coconut rhinoceros beetle some are covered in soft hairs quarantine or SPC for up-to-date distribution.! The most damaging insects to palms in Asia and the Pacific Islands cell fly... Pacific Island of Guam is now distributed throughout the South Pacific 2, in India 3 in! In soft hairs every 1 to 2 weeks call a 'host shift ' of the world is sporulating that with. Cleared them beforehand they bore through petiole bases into the central unopened leaves off any … is. Are usually yellowish-white and can grow quite long, reaching almost 4 inches or more now on the top its. Adult male coconut rhinoceros beetle, is a pest '' dropdown box that measure.

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